Friendship – Kapilar and Pari

பாரி கபிலர் நட்பு – ©  All Rights Reserved

Puranānuru songs 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 200, 201, 202 and 236 reveal the love and respect Kapilar had for king Pāri. Kapilar appeals to the three great Tamil kings (Cheran, Chozhan and Pāndiyan) to stop their invasion of Pāri’s mountain country. They do not listen to him. They kill him by treachery. Kapilar laments his patron’s death and sings few beautiful songs. Pāri’s two daughters for whom Kapilar took responsibility also sing a beautiful song. Kapilar tries to get the daughters married to kings of small kingdoms. They refuse, for fear of retribution by the big three kings. Finally he marries them off, before he dies.

After fulfilling his obligations, Kapilar sat facing north and died (vadikkiruthal, an ancient method of dying – facing to the north and starving to death, still practiced by Buddhist monks) – Puranānuru 236.

To see the translations and word by word meanings for these poems, please go to learnsangamtamil.com or sangamtranslationsbyvaidehi.com

 

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